SEO Basics: Things to Know Before Launching Your Blog.

Make friends with Google from day 1.
This post first appeared on BloggingIsMyDayJob.com.
Starting a blog is a lot of work, and you'd better get the major things right from the very beginning. In this post I will help you get going with Google and "search engine optimization".

Let's start with some theoretic stuff, and then move on to what exactly you should do to be good from day 1.

How Google Works

Google is the leading Web search engine, processing more than 80% of all search requests. So when webmasters and bloggers talk about search, search engines or SEO, you can be almost sure it's about Google.

As a new blogger, Google is the only Web search engine you should care about.

The reason bloggers pay attention to Google is because it can send visitors ("traffic") to your site. To understand how you can get traffic from search, let's see how Google actually works.

Here is how a visitor (let's call her Alice) arrives to your site through Google:

  1. Alice has a need in mind, whe wants to know how to paint her house.
  2. Alice types two words into the search box: "house painting". We call these words "keywords" - short phrases people type into Google. The keywords are a short expression of the Alice's need.
  3. Google looks at "house painting" keyword and comes up with several concepts Alice might be asking about. It might very well be "how to paint her house", or "order house painting services", or "I want some paintings of houses", or even "I want the painting of specific house".
  4. Google knows that based on the years of searchers' behavior history, most people typing "house painting" are actually looking for guides and tips on painting their house.
  5. Google shows "search results" - list of links that it believes are the best answer to Alice's need. The first page of search results contains 10 links (we also call them "top 10" or "page 1"). The links don't lead to "websites" - links may lead to homepages, but also to specific posts and pages on those websites (we call them "URLs" - any web resource with an address).
  6. Alice may click on one of the links, and if that link points to a page on your site, Alice arrives at your site. Alice almost never goes to second page of search results (95% of all people only click on links from top 10).

It's a pretty simple process that everyone goes through multiple times a day. And we can now have some basic conclusions about how to get visitors from Google:

  1. Google serves existing demand. Some people in the world should have the need you're addressing with your content. If your content is so unique and creative that no one is searching for it, then Google probably won't have searchers to send to you (social networks might work better here).
  2. Keywords are what Google gets from people. Keywords are the expression of searchers' needs. If you want your post in Google, you'd better have some understanding of a specific need you're serving, and the keywords people use to express that need.
  3. Google has to be super selective with what it shows on the first page of results. From billions of pages all around the web, Google must only choose 10 (it shows more than 10 on further search result pages but those mostly don't matter).
  4. Google considers not "websites" but specific pages and posts. You might get hundreds of search visitors to one post, and absolutely none to another.

Some common myths of how Google works are: you tag your random post with words like "chicken, recipes, cooking, healthy", and all of a sudden your post starts getting some share of worldwide search traffic related to these words. Or, you repeat words like "house, cleaning, clearance, home, services" all over your site and then suddenly visitors come in. That's NOT how it works!

Your specific post must serve specific existing need, and do it better than most alternatives. And then Google might choose to show your post in top 10. And then you get visitors to that specific post. That's how it works.

Now, out of billions of pages on the Web, what exactly makes Google choose one page over another?

Great question!

The short answer is: modern Google shows your post in top 10 if your post is more likely to satisfy the users typing specific keyword.

User satisfaction is the ultimate goal of Google.

It's not about technical tricks, tags, plugins, keyword densities or whatever old school or plain wrong ideas you might have read on the internet. (You do need to have some technical stuff in order, but that's just not enough.)

And that's what search engine optimization (SEO) is all about. We study how Google works, and come up with ideas, frameworks and processes that increase your chances to satisfy searchers and thus get visitors from Google.

What Makes Google Send You Visitors

Your post must get to Google top 10 for some keyword. And then people will click on the link to your post and land on your site.

(Well it is not that you won't get any clicks from being on page 2 or page 5. It's just that only 5% of people go further than page 1, and getting to page 2 or 5 requires same approaches and processes. So, we're focusing on top 10.)

Now what makes Google show you in top 10 for a keyword?

Two things: content and backlinks.

(These are called "ranking factors", and SEO experts managed to break these down to around 200 pieces. Your job as a blogger is to focus on big picture and not to tweak 200 things that return tiny effects).

"Content" part is what I talked about from the start, and I'll get back to it.

First, what are "backlinks"?

Backlinks ("external links", or even just "links") are links to your content from other websites around the Web.

The biggest invention of Google that made it successful was to use backlinks as a way to improve quality of search results. The metric to measure backlinks was called PageRank (Google no longer calls it so, but the principle still applies).

If someone has a link to your site, it's likely that linking site trusts your content enough to send his audience your way. The more links you have, the more likely you are a trusted resource worth sending people to.

(Modern SEO community calls it "backlink weight" or "authority", and the way this weight is distributed is sometimes called "the flow of link juice".)

The simple idea of counting backlinks allowed Google to filter billions of webpages very effectively. It's been 20 years, and Google has not invented anything better yet, so backlinks are here to stay.

If Google search results for a keyword contain sites with many backlinks, we say that keyword has "high competition". It means that your content is less likely to get to top 10 if your content has less backlinks than other content serving the same need.

(That's why keyword research tools like Gookey are useful. It shows you what keywords people use, and how often. It also shows you how competitive the keyword is, and thus how likely your content is to get to top 10.)

And now let's get back to content. As I said, the goal of Google is to satisfy users. Google has lots of ways to measure satisfaction, and it mostly comes down to this:

If many people click on your post in search results, and don't come back to search, then people are satisfied.

Google constantly runs tiny experiments on live search results, trying to put new promising content to top 10 and measuring the searchers' reactions. If content satisfies people, it stays. If not, it goes down.

One critical thing to remember is that 80% of visitors coming from search are new to your site (or 100% if you're brand new). People have no reason to trust you, and have very high expectations about this very first visit. Even slightly annoying things can cause search visitors to leave your content and get back to search results looking for another option.

It's like the first date. When you're married for 10 years you don't care about minor imperfections of your partner. But on the first date, a tiny discomfort feels like a deal breaker.

Below I will show you how to build content that serves specific user needs better than alternatives, and how to make great first impression on search visitors.

Let's get from theory to practice.

Build Great Content And Make It Attractive

First, let's see how you can set your website up to being more attractive for searchers:

  1. Check the speed of your site. Search visitors hate waiting for slow websites, and Google pays close attention to this. Go to Google PageSpeed Insights and paste the address of your blog. Scores above 60 are great. From 30 to 60 might be worth improving but are not critical. Less than 30 - try hard to implement the fixes that this service suggests. Most of them are actually very technical, which means you might need to ask for help. Easy fixes are usually about compressing big images, and installing a caching plugin to improve "response time" (I recommend W3 Total Cache).
  2. Check if your site is mobile friendly. More than half searches happen from mobile phones, and searchers hate sites that are hard to read on a small screen. Google has Mobile-Friendly Test, use it. If it says that "Page is not mobile friendly", you might wish to look for a different blog theme (if you're on WordPress). This is easy to fix on day one, and gets way harder when you have lots of content and settings that might break if switching themes later.
  3. Don't put too many ads (or remove them altogether at the start). Ads slow your site down, and searchers don't really love them. Plus, you won't make any money from ads with a brand new blog anyways. Leave ads for later when they're worth the trade off.
  4. Do not create too many tags and categories for your posts. Start with 2-3 categories, and leave tags for later. Tags and categories are a way to simplify navigation across your content, and you don't have this problem as a new site. Searchers don't really love navigating almost empty categories (Google calls them "thin pages"). Start adding tags later when you accumulate some content and figure out what topics you're focusing on.
  5. Get a good social sharing buttons plugin. Sharing buttons are necessary, but some of them may slow your site down to death (load hundreds of scripts that track your visitors for advertising purposes). I don't recommend Shareaholic, AddThis and "Simple Share Buttons". A good free option is Sumo, a great paid option is Social Warfare.
  6. Install Yoast plugin. It automatically takes care of some technical details that Google cares about, and allows you to control some important settings. It's not a magic wand that gets your site "optimized", just gets some basic things under your control if you ever need them. When writing your content, Yoast will let you set proper "description" for your post (more on that later).

The steps above ensure that your site is fast enough, accessible from phones and has basic technical bits in place from day one.

Now let's move to creating the actual content. Suppose you are writing your next blog post. Follow these steps to build great content for search visitors:

  1. Do some keyword research (3-10 minutes). Use a tool (like Gookey) where you can type the topic you have in mind, and see how much demand there is (how often the keyword is searched), and how high the competition is. For a new blog, you'll probably have to try several ideas before you discover a topic with low competition, and it will probably be quite niche. For instance, you might discover that writing about "how to paint a house" won't get you any visitors from search because the competition on this topic is too high. Instead, you might wish to start with a much narrower topic like "how often should you paint your house" because your brand new site has much higher chances to get to top 10.
  2. When you found an attractive keyword, gather some ideas that will help you build great content (2-5 minutes). Type your keyword into Google, look at existing search results. Make sure you understand the keyword and searchers' need right (posts from top 10 should serve the same need that you have in mind). Look at "related searches" and "people also ask" boxes in search results - these are related problems that people have and are probably worth covering. Open some links from top 10 and briefly look for things you can do better. Look at questions people ask in comments. Use this info to improve your own post. (I'm covering this step in much more details here).
  3. Write your post and make it attractive to searchers. Use ideas and sub-problems you discovered on step 2 to make your post more comprehensive. Write a catchy headline that tells search visitors your content will solve their problem. Talk about your keyword in the first paragraph and use it in as permalink (this reassures searchers that your content is fully devoted to solving their need). Structure your content logically to make it easier for searchers to navigate. (Get the full list of tips here).

Most bloggers start building content without doing any keyword research. They end up with hundreds of blog posts, 90% of which bring absolutely no search traffic.

Without keyword research, you're shooting in the dark. Don't repeat the same mistake, get comfortable with keywords from day 1.

Important note here: not every content is meant for Google! It's totally fine to ignore keywords if you're just sharing a story from your life, or expressing yourself, or building a post primarily for existing users and customers. Not all content can and is meant to serve existing demand of searchers, just be clear with yourself that you're ignoring keywords for a reason.

Now that you've published your blog post, it's time to get backlinks.

Get Some Backlinks

A brand new blog has no backlinks. Most keywords are too competitive, the rest are very niche and searched very rarely.

That's why getting backlinks should be one of your priorities from day 1.

You get links by promoting your content. Look for forums and niche communities and write valuable answers (with links to your site or specific post). Share on social media. Leave valuable comments on other blogs in your niche. Make friends with other bloggers. Eventually people will start noticing your content and will start linking to it themselves.

I recommend spending as much time promoting your content as you spend building it.

Focus on quality here. Do not leave spammy comments or answers on forums just to get a backlink. The best way to promote yourself is to genuinely add value. If you're trying to make friends with a blogger, start with leaving valuable comments on their site and on social. Give first, and eventually they'll give back later. Everyone hates being spammed, including Google, and it never pays off.

This is hard and time consuming work, and generally not the one you're inspired to do.

But growing your search traffic depends on backlinks. By investing your time in promotion early on you speed things up and reach your goals faster.

Be Awesome Today, Stay Persistent Forever

Remember, growing your blog will take time. Do not expect your first post to go straight to top 10. Do not expect to hack your way to success. Growing search traffic is a long term investment.

The major thing that separates successful bloggers from the rest is persistence. They try to apply the best tools and processes, but at the end of the day, the ones who try, fail and don't give up are succeeding.

Don't look for hacks and tricks. Focus on what matters. Bring real value to people. Build genuine relashionships with peers. Get help from good tools and processes.

This guide puts you one step ahead. But reaching your goals will still take time.

Stay persistent, and good luck!
Artur Brugeman
Founder of Gookey
Building SEO tools has been my passion for several years. I hope this guide helps you launch your blog and have confidence about Google traffic.
© 2017 Gookey by Artur Brugeman. SEO is boring, and blogging should be fun, right?
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